Autor: André Conceição

O principal objetivo da investigação “Residências Artísticas – Espaços de Fronteira” é refletir sobre a importância das Residências Artísticas enquanto tentamos apresentar uma definição original sobre o que é. É também tentar compreender as suas vicissitudes e construir um conceito que tente clarificar o que são estas estruturas e quais os impactos que têm na sociedade artística, em especial no contexto português.

Foram questionados criativos que tenham integrado residências artísticas no sentido de perceber de que forma estas os transformavam enquanto profissionais e artistas, e o que os fazia escolher uma determinada residência. Foram também efetuadas entrevistas a seis sujeitos de investigação pedindo que nos descrevessem, à luz do seu percurso experiencial, o modo de funcionamento da residência onde trabalham e quais os impactos que estas têm nas comunidades onde se inserem as estruturas que coordenam. Por último, tentámos compreender as renitências existentes por alguns criativos em participar num programa deste tipo, também através de uma entrevista semiestruturada.

Foram obtidos dados que nos permitem a apresentação de uma definição de Residência Artística, bem como compreender o modo de funcionamento e modelos de captação financeira destas estruturas, afirmar o quão importante é a sua existência no ecossistema das artes e para os próprios artistas, averiguar os benefícios que a instalação de uma residência num território vai trazer para esse mesmo local e para as populações e economia.

 

ABSTRACT

 

Presently, the arts are becoming more valuable and relevant within communities as a way to build a better future. Research done throughout the 20th century has shown that a greater understanding of art was key in human development. Consequently, some structures dedicated to supporting artistic creation started to emerge, not only meant to help a greater number of artists launch their careers in the arts market, but also to make art available and affordable to everyone through their dispersion in non-urban areas, leading to a greater democratization of culture. These structures are collectively known as Artists Communities.

The main goal of this research is to ponder about their importance while we try to present an original definition of what they are, a definition that must be accepted and expounded on by other researchers. But we also want to understand their complexities as to build a concept that attempts to clarify what these structures are and what impact they have on the artistic society, especially in the Portuguese context.

We developed some questionnaires sent to artists that have been part of Artistic Communities in order to understand how their stay there has shaped them into the professionals they are, as well as what made them choose a particular residence. We have carried out semi-structured interviews with five research subjects, asking them to describe, in light of their experience, how their residence of choice works and what impact does it have in the community to which it belongs. Finally, we tried to understand why some artists withheld from partaking in this program, also through a semistructured interview.

We have obtained data that allowed us to provide a definition of Artistic Communities; to understand how these structures function as well as their fund-attraction capacity; to affirm how important is their existence to the ecosystem of the arts and to the artists themselves; to ascertain the benefits that installing Artistic Communities in a territory will bring to its population and economy.

 

 

Keywords: Artistic residencies; artistic creation; experimentation; arts’ hybridization; cultural democratization.